Readings and training materials PGSS 2008

Panel 1 - History/Archival Research


Speaker: Professor Qianping Chen, Nanjing University

Professor Chen Qianping is the director of the Department of History, the deputy head of the Research Institute of Sun Yat-sen Thought, and board member of the Academic Degree Committee at Nanjing University. Professor Chen also holds affiliations as the deputy chair of the Association of Contemporary Chinese History and board member of the Nanjing Research Association of the History of Minguo. Professor Chen has engaged in joint research with leading universities and research institutions, including the East Asia Institute at the University of Cambridge, UK, and the Fairbank Centre for Chinese Studies at Harvard University, USA. His research focuses on the history of the Minguo era and is broadly concerned with the politics, military and international relations of Minguo. His major publications include 'The History of Anti-Japanese War' (co-editor) and 'Chiang Kai-shek' (co-author).

Required Readings:

  • 柯伟林, 认识二十世纪中国 (William C. Kirby, 'Understanding 20th Century China' - transcript of interview with Dr Yixin Chen, University of North Carolina Wilmington in Chinese).
  • 周武, 历史变迁中的中国与欧洲--王国斌教授访谈录 (Zhou Wu, 'Dialogue with Professor Wang Guobing on China and Europe in the Context of Historical Transition' - in Chinese).
  • 郑必坚, 对中国和平崛起发展道路与中欧关系的十点看法 (Zheng Bijian, 'Ten points of View on China's Peaceful Rise and China's Relationship with Europe - in Chinese).
  • 甘逸驊, 歐盟與中國雙邊關係的發展與前景 (Francis Yi-hwa Kan, 'The Development and Future of Bilateral EU-China Relations' - in Chinese).

Further Readings:


Panel 2 - Development

China, Development and the Global Political Economy

Speaker: Professor Jeffrey Henderson, University of Bristol

Professor Jeffrey Henderson is Leverhulme Research Professor of International Development in the Centre for East Asian Studies (CEAS) at Bristol University. He has taught previously at the universities of Birmingham, Hong Kong and Manchester and has been an advisor to the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and the Council of Europe. His research is broadly concerned with the sociology and political economy of economic development and currently focuses on the developmental consequences of global production networks, as well as on the relation of economic governance to inequality and poverty. His books include: 'The Globalisation of High Technology Production, Global Restructuring and Territorial Development' (with Manuel Castells), 'States and Development in the Asian-Pacific Rim' (with Richard P. Appelbaum) and 'Industrial Transformation in Eastern Europe in the Light of the East Asian Experience'.


The rise of China as an economic and political 'driver' of the global economy is likely to be one of the defining moments of world history. Its dynamism and international expansion are on the verge of creating a 'critical disruption' in the global order that has held sway for over 60 years. As such, China is beginning to reshape the world, presaging a new phase of globalisation: a 'Global-Asian Era'. This new era is likely to be distinct from any of the earlier phases of globalisation and China's global footprint, in terms of its business, economic and political actions and their geo-political implications, are likely to be markedly different from what has gone before. This lecture offers a framework by which we can begin to understand the coming Global-Asian Era (GAE) and some of its consequences, particularly as the latter are surfacing in the developing world. Inter alia, it will raise some of the methodological issues concerned with conducting research on these issues.

Required Readings:

  • Jeffrey Henderson, 'China and the Future of the Developing World - The Coming Global-Asian Era and its Consequences', Research Paper 2008/58.
  • Raphael Kaplinsky and Dirk Messner, 'Introduction: The Impact of Asian Drivers on the Developing World', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 197–209, 2008.
  • Scott McDonald, Sherman Robinson, and Karen Thierfelder, 'Asian Growth and Trade Poles: India, China, and East and Southeast Asia', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 210–234, 2008.
  • Rhys Jenkins, Enrique Dussel Peters, and Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 'The Impact of China on Latin America and the Caribbean', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 235–253, 2008.
  • Raphael Kaplinsky and Mike Morris, 'Do the Asian Drivers Undermine Export-oriented Industrialization in SSA?', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 254–273, 2008.
  • Jing Gu, John Humphrey, and Dirk Messner, 'Global Governance and Developing Countries: The Implications of the Rise of China', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 274–292, 2008.
  • Andrew F. Cooper and Thomas Fues, 'Do the Asian Drivers Pull their Diplomatic Weight? China, India, and the United Nations', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 293–307, 2008.
  • Tilman Altenburg, Hubert Schmitz, and Andreas Stamm, 'Breakthrough? China's and India's Transition from Production to Innovation', World Development, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 325–344, 2008.
Further Readings:
  • Winters and Yusuf (2007), 'Dancing with Giants: China, India and the Global Economy', The World Bank
  • Will Hutton (2007), 'The Writing on the Wall'
  • Chris Alden (2007), 'China in Africa (African Arguments)', Zed Books
  • Susan Shirk (2007), 'China - Fragile Superpower', Oxford University Press
  • Giovanni Arrighi (2008), 'Adam Smith in Beijing', Verso
  • World Development, 36(2), 2008 (whole issue)

Panel 3 - International Politics

China, Europe and the World: Historical Encounters in the 19th and the 20th Centuries

Speaker: Professor Yongjin Zhang, University of Bristol

Dr Yongjin Zhang holds a personal chair in China and International Studies at the University of Auckland and is the Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute. He has held research and teaching posts at the University of Oxford, the Australian National University and universities in China. His publications include 'Power and Responsibility in Chinese Foreign Policy' (2001) (co-edited with Greg Austin) and 'China's Emerging Global Businesses: Political Economy and Institutional Investigations' (2003). From July 2008, he has held the position of Centre Director at the Centre for East Asian Studies, University of Bristol.


Can China become a responsible stakeholder in the international system? Is China a status quo power? What are the implications of the inexorable rise of China for global politics and global economy? These are among the topical questions contested and debated around the world today.

My presentation aims to provide a historical perspective in assisting students in their attempt to seek answers to the questions above. Using a number of photos, cartoons and images as snapshots, I tell a story of historical encounters, often violent and conflictual, between China and Europe and, more broadly, the outside world through the 19th and most of the 20th centuries. In tracing the unfolding of this troubled relationship, I also suggest that such encounters have been accompanied by the transformation of China from an empire to a nation-state; and from a revolutionary power to a reformist state.

If China's current integration into the global political and economic systems can be viewed as part of this ongoing historical process, what can the above story tell us about its trajectory, both in terms of China's changing relations with the world and the historical transformation of China itself?

Required Readings:

  • Yongjin Zhang (1991) 'China's Entry into International Society: Beyond the Standard of "Civilization"', Review of International Studies, 17 (1): 1-17.
  • William C. Kirby, (1997) 'The Internationalization of China: Foreign Relations at Home and Abroad in the Republican Era', The China Quarterly, No. 150 (June 1997): 433-458.
  • Ann Kent (2002) 'China's International Socialization: The Role of International Organizations', Global Governance, 8 (3): 343-364.

Further Readings:

  • John King Fairbank (1969) 'China's Foreign Policy in Historical Perspective', Foreign Affairs, 47 (3): 449-463.
  • Hedley Bull (1971) 'The New Balance of Power in Asia and the Pacific', Foreign Affairs, 49 (4): 669-681.

Panel 4 - Regionalism and Comparative Political Economy

The EU and China as Regional Actors in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis

Speaker: Dr Sebastian Bersick, German Institute for International and Security Affairs

Dr Sebastien Bersick is Senior Research Associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs. Previously at European Institute for Asian Studies, Dr. Bersick is a specialist in EU-Asia Relations; International and Security Affairs in East Asia, and is currently researching the areas of EU-China; EU-ASEAN; ASEM; ASEAN; China-USA-EU; and Regional Cooperation. His publications include contributions to 'Panorama: Insights into Southeast Asian and European Affairs' (2007), 'Asian-European Relations: Building Blocks for Global Governance?' (2007), and more recently 'The Impact of European and Chinese Soft Power on Regional and Global Governance', in Kerr, David and Liu Fei (ed) 'The International Politics of EU-China Relations', British Academy Occasional Paper 10, Oxford University Press 2007, pp. 216-230. Dr Bersick has also written papers for the Asia Europe Journal.


Since the mid 1990s China is increasingly participating in multilateral regional initiatives. The Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) process is an example of this development. Asian and European actors established an institution that engages China in an increasing number of policy fields.

The EU's approach towards East Asia is driven by the understanding that a new balance needs to be found between the Westphalian order in which the region still lives and the post-Westphalian order that the Europeans have successfully constructed during the last 50 years. For this purpose the EU has chosen a policy path that differs from containment or balance of power strategies. It aims to strengthen regional cooperation and the promotion of a rules-based international system. In doing so the EU supports the China-strategy of the ASEAN countries that aims at engaging China bilaterally and multilaterally in a regional context.

The presentation shall analyse the concepts and policies that the EU and China are using and developing within the context of region and community building processes in East Asia. Which approach does the EU take towards an evolving regional order in East Asia? What are the involved interests and motives for China's increasing regional engagement? Do the EU and China share common interests vis-à-vis region building initiatives in East Asia? Where do their respective regional agendas differ?

Required Readings:

  • Mark Beeson, Chapter 7, 'Regionalism and Globalization in East Asia: Politics Security and Economic Development', Palgrave MacMillan 2007, pp.216-237.
  • Sebastian Bersick, 'The Impact of European and Chinese Soft Power on Regional and Global Governance', in Kerr, David and Liu Fei (ed) 'The International Politics of EU-China Relations', British Academy Occasional Paper 10, Oxford University Press 2007, pp.216-230.
  • Jean-Pierre Cabestan, 'Learning from the EU? China's Changing Outlook Toward Multilateralism', in Wang, Gungwu and Zheng Yongnian (eds.), 'China and the New World Order', Routledge, pp. 203-217.

Further Readings:

  • Gordon Cheung, 'Contested International Relations Theory and China's Constructing Regional Entitlement', in Wang, Gungwu and Zheng Yongnian (eds.), 'China and the New World Order', Routledge.
  • Evelyn Goh, 'Great Powers and Hierarchical Order in Southeast Asia: Analyzing Regional Security Strategies', International Security, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Winter 2007/08), pp. 113–157.
  • Marc Lanteigne, 'ASEM and the Expanding China-European Union Relationship', in Bersick, Sebastian, Wim Stokhof and Paul van der Velde (eds.) 'Multiregionalism and Multilateralism: Asian-European Relations in a Global Context', Amsterdam University Press, pp.83-103.
  • David Shambaugh, 'China Engages Asia: Reshaping the Regional Order', International Security, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Winter 2004/05), pp. 64–99.
  • Ye, Min, 'Evolution of China's Regionalism: From Balancer to Catalyst', Prepared for the American Political Science Association Annual Convention, Sept 1-4, 2005, Washington DC, USA.

Panel 5 - Social Policy

Migration and Labour Straddling China and Europe

Speaker: Professor Flemming Christiansen, University of Leeds

Professor Flemming Christiansen is a Professor in Chinese at the University of Leeds and is Director of the National Institute for Chinese Studies and White Rose East Asia Centre at Leeds. His current research interests include livelihoods, social strata and classes in China, Chinese rural development and urbanisation and identity politics in China and among Chinese. Recent publications include 'Chinatown, Europe: Identity of the European Chinese Towards the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century' (2003), and co-author of 'The Politics of Multiple Belonging: Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe and East Asia' (2004) and 'Village Inc.: Chinese Rural Society in the 1990s'.


The Chinese reforms have generated a process of rural-urban and also international migration of significant dimensions. The specific dynamics driving the two may be somewhat different, but the social institutions, arrangements and practices are very similar. The session will explore diverse institutions and practices involved in different pathways of migration into and map out how they result in diverse outcomes (social position, formal statuses, income levels) in urban/foreign contexts, in particular related to labour markets. Preparation for the session will involve reading of 3 chapter-length works; group work will involve analysis of interview material (with labour migrants) and/or media accounts on labour migration.

Required Readings:

  • Reading Notes. Download
  • Sean P. Hier and Joshua L. Greenberg (2002) 'Constructing a discursive crisis: risk, problematization and illegal Chinese in Canada', Ethnic and Racial Studies, 25:3, 490-513.
  • Lei Guang and Lu Zheng, 'Migration as the Second-best Option: Local Power and Off-farm Employment,' The China Quarterly, 2005, 22-45.
  • Zhang, Guochu, 'The Migration of Highly Skilled Chinese to Europe,' International Migration Vol. 41(3), 73-95.

Panel 6 - Economics and Business

Survey Work in China: Theory and Practice

Speaker: Professor Thomas Scharping, University of Cologne

Professor Thomas Scharping is Director of the Centre for Modern China Studies at the University of Cologne and has worked the China desk at the Federal Institute for International Studies with policy analysis for the German government 1973-88. Since 1989 he served as Chair for Modern Chinese Studies at the University of Cologne, Germany, with special emphasis on political, economic and social problems. He makes regular research stays in China, East Asia and the US and has doe referee work for various German and internal journals and foundations. He has written books on Chinese population, among them 'Floating Population and Migration in China', (ed.), Hamburg 1997 and 'Birth Control in China 1949-2000', Population Policy and Demographic Development, London/New York 2003 (Paperback: 2005), as well as more than 100 articles on Chinese political, economic and social developments. He is also engaged in collaborative projects, field research, and surveys in China.


The presentation will focus on quantitative research in relation to China, with emphasis on both random and non-random surveys. It will familiarize the participants with the specific advantages and disadvantages of different sampling formats and will introduce basic guidelines for questionnaire design. Also covered are practical issues of survey organization: choice of partners for collaboration and permission requirements, pre-testing and training of interviewers, time management and balancing of precision and efficiency goals, coding, data input, processing and language questions. The tensions between textbook prescriptions and their applicability in a Chinese context will be a recurrent theme. In addition to getting acquainted with various research techniques, participants will raise their awareness of the inter-dependencies between empirical and theoretical work, quantitative and qualitative research.

Required Readings:

  • Elisabeth Croll, 'Short-Term Field Investigation in China: A Personal View', in China Information, Vol. 2, No. 1, Leiden 1987, pp.17-26.
  • Melanie Manion, 'Survey Research in the Study of Contemporary China: Learning From Local Samples', in China Quarterly, No.139, London 1994, pp. 741-765.
  • Shi, Tianjin, 'Survey Research in China', in Michael X. Delli Carpini, Leonie Huddy, and Robert Y. Shapiro, eds. 'Research in Micropolitics, Rethinking Rationality', Vol. 5, Greenwich, Conn. 1996, pp. 213-250.
Further Reading:
  • William A. Byrd and Lin Qingsong, 'China's Rural Industry, Structure, Development, and Reform', Oxford 1990, pp. 19-40.
  • David Zweig and Chen Changgui, 'China's Brain Drain to the United States, Views of Overseas Chinese Students and Scholars in the 1990s', Berkeley 1995, pp. 88-133.
  • Thomas Scharping and Sun Huaiyang, eds., 'Migration in China's Guangdong province, Major Results of a 1993 Sample Survey on Migrants and Floating Population in Shenzhen and Foshan', Gamburg 1997, pp. 7-18.
  • Björn Gustafsson and Li Shi, 'Surveys – Three Ways to Obtain Household Income Data', in: Maria Heimer and Stig Thogerson, 'Doing Fieldwork in China', Copenhagen 2006, pp. 129-152.