Dr Alison Hardie

Director of The National Institute of Chinese Studies
+44 (0)113 343 3463
Areas of Expertise
  • Social and cultural history of early modern China
  • Chinese garden design and social uses of gardens in early modern China
  • Individuality and identity in early modern China, especially in the life and work of Ruan Dacheng (1587-1646)

MA Oxford; MA Edinburgh; MSt Oxford; DPhil Sussex.

Visit my staff profile at the University of Leeds for the most detailed and up-to-date version of my profile.


Journal Articles and Papers

  • Think globally, build locally: syncretism and symbolism in the Garden of Sitting in Reclusion. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, vol.26, no.4, Oct-Dec 2006.
  • 'Massive structure' or 'spacious naturalness'? Aesthetic choices in gardens of the Wang families in Taicang. Ming Studies 2006.
  • The Awareness Garden of Wang Shiheng in Yizhen. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes 2004, 24 (4), 272-279.

Book Chapters

  • Washing the Wutong Tree: Garden Culture as an Expression of Women's Gentility in the Late Ming. In: Daria Berg & Chloe Starr, eds., The Quest for Gentility in China: Negotiations beyond gender and class, London: Routledge, 2007.
  • Conflicting discourse and the discourse of conflict: eremitism and the pastoral in the poetry of Ruan Dacheng (c.1587-1646). In: Daria Berg, ed. Reading China : Fiction, History and the Dynamics of Discourse – Essays in Honour of Professor Glen Dudbridge . Leiden : E.J.Brill, 2006.
  • Ji Cheng's Yuan Ye (The Craft of Gardens) in its social setting. In: The Authentic Garden: a Symposium on Gardens 1990, Leiden , the Netherlands : The Clusius Foundation. 


  • Yuan Huang's Record of the Hall Surrounded by Jade of Master Sitting-in-Reclusion (translation and introduction). Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landsc ap es , vol.25, no.1, January- Marc h 2005.
  • The Life of a Seventeenth-Century Chinese Garden Designer: The Biography of Zhang Nanyuan, by Wu Weiye (1609-71). Garden History 2004, 32 (1).
  • You Xilin. Modernity and Secularity: the dual significance of Christianity for China's modernisation. China Study Journal , vol.18, nos.1 & 2, August 2003.
  • Xing Fuzeng. Church-State Relations in Contemporary China and the Development of Protestant Christianity. China Study Journal 2003, 18 (3), 19-48.
  • Yang Huilin. Some Characteristics of the Understanding of the Christian Faith among Contemporary Chinese University Students. China Study Journal 2002, 17 (3), 5-12.
  • Hu Yinglin's [1551-1602] 'Connoisseurs of Flowers': Translation and Commentary. Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes 1999, 19 (3/4).
  • Liang Jialun. Rural Christianity and Chinese Folk Religions. China Study Journal 1999, 14 (2), 22-34.
  • Ji Cheng. The Craft of Gardens . New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1988.