Japan's 2004 National Defense Program Guideline: A case study for the effects of globalization on national security
For most of the post-war period, Japan shied away from military operations and kept its Self-Defense Forces (SDF) at home. As its economy started to internationalize in the 1980s, as part of their Cold War defensive role, they started to venture a little further afield in the region and in the 1990s they participated in peacekeeping operations (PKO). However, in 2004 Japan's security policy formally went global when the National Defense Program Outline declared that 'international peace cooperation activities' (which includes anti-terror operations as well as PKO) would be made a 'main mission' for the SDF, alongside national defense.
The reason for this change, according to the 2004 policy, was that
globalization (in the form of interdependence, arms proliferation and
international terror), has transformed the international security
environment in such a way as to make national security indivisible from
international security. As a recent report says: 'since it is not
possible to build walls between people, making the whole world peaceful
is essential for the security of one country'.
Philip Shetler-Jones (email@example.com ) is presently a White Rose East Asia Centre scholar, pursuing an MPhil at the School of East Asian Studies (SEAS), University of Sheffield. Prior to this, he was employed as a political affairs officer in the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. Philip has an MA in Advanced Japanese Studies from the University of Sheffield, and an MA in Law and Diplomacy from the Fletcher School, Tufts University (Boston, USA). Philip also has professional experience in an humanitarian NGO as well as the UK military. His proposed PhD topic is on the effects of contemporary globalization on security, with a special focus on Japan's post Cold-War security policy.