Corporate climate change strategies (CCCS) have been explored primarily for uninational firms—firms that do not operate internationally. The very limited research that does exist on multinational enterprises has the weakness that it treats them as if they operated in a single international environment, in effect as a singularity. Further, this research has neither fully embodied the environmental management nor, in particular, the international business literatures.
We bridge this gap by employing a strategy process framework to locate extant research on corporate responses on climate change, and to relate it to the two literatures of environmental management and international business.
We find that the antecedents of a CCCS are multi-faceted and dynamic. The process of CCCS formulation and implementation is multi-layered and strongly influenced by the type of global corporate strategy that the MNE already pursues.
We conclude that the resulting pathways of climate change strategies therefore vary considerably by MNE type. Our findings imply that a holistic antecedent-process-outcome approach is required to investigate corporate climate change strategies effectively, and we propose a framework within which research might be developed.
Dr Hinrich Voss is a Roberts Academic Research Fellow at the Centre for International Business University of Leeds (CIBUL). His research interests concentrate mainly on if and how the international business strategies of multinational enterprises (MNEs) from developed and developing countries are affected by climate change policies and the institutional objectives to move towards 'Future Energies'; if and how MNEs adapt their international business configuration, and; how MNEs help to distribute 'Future Energies' related technologies globally. Hinrich is also conducting research on the internationalisation and the international competitiveness of mainland Chinese companies. This research strand incorporates the influence of China's institutions on the international investment behaviour of Chinese firms. Before joining CIBUL, Hinrich was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the White Rose East Asia Centre / National Institute for Chinese Studies.
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